Skip to Content

13 Varieties of Chrysanthemums, Their Purposes And How To Care For Them

Chrysanthemum flowers are the world’s second most popular flower, just after roses. Chrysanthemums come in 40 different wild species and thousands of different variations.  Types vary based on size, color, and the number of blossoms per stalk can all vary between types.

According to a NASA study, chrysanthemums also aid in minimizing air pollution.

Learn about the 13 types of chrysanthemums and the health benefits of this flower.

Types of Chrysanthemums

Single Blooms

Macro photo of a single bloom chrysanthemum with pink hue against a bokeh background.

Because of their white petals and yellow cores, these chrysanthemums resemble daisies. The key distinction is that the centers are slightly larger than daisies’ and that the petals are evenly spaced all around them.

Chrysanthemums have a bushy appearance when they develop, and they normally reach a height of 2-3 feet, while some of the lesser types never reach that height. There can be one petal per stem at times, while single-bloom plants can develop in clusters at other times.

Icy Isle, which resembles the yellow-and-white daisy, and Fire Island, which has a yellow core and red petals with yellow stripes, are two variants. There’s also a semi-double form of mum that looks quite similar to single blooms and looks great in sprays. Daisy, Tenderness and Amber Morning are some examples.

Quilled Blooms

Quilled blooms chrysanthemum with spiky, yellow petals and serrated folliage.

These chrysanthemums have spiky, quill-like petals, as their name suggests. The petals are quite narrow, with some cupping up towards the tip. Because of the cupped edge on some of the petals, they can resemble a spoon. Lola, which is quite enormous and has lovely lavender petals, and Kings Delight, which is also quite large and comes in a lovely pink tint, are two of its variants. Quilled flowers are open-tipped with no open center, and some types, like the Toffee, reach a height of 6 inches or more. Quills are beneficial to disbuds. Muted Sunshine and Matchsticks are two examples.

Spider Blooms

Spider bloom chrysanthemum with curly, yellow petals growing in a summer garden.

The petals of these chrysanthemums are long and slender, resembling spider legs. Even though the petals are large and tubular, they often branch out in all directions, giving them a lacy and exquisite appearance.

Evening Glow features petals that are rose to bronze in hue, while Symphony has lacy petals that are bronze to yellow in color. Some of the types are white. The Chesapeake, for example, is at least 6 inches tall and has petals that range in fineness from very fine to coarse. Petal hooks or coils at the terminals of spider blossoms are also possible.

Cremon and Anastasia, for example.

Anemone

Anemone chrysanthemum with orange blossoms adorned with large central discs.

These flowers contain a central disc with petals surrounding them, except that they are tubular and give the flower a cushioned appearance. The Angel variety stands out because it has a yellow center and little lavender-colored petals that form the cushion and bigger outside petals, usually dark purple with white tips.

The Anemone mums are great as a disbud and grow at least 4 inches tall, with a raised cushion-like center. Daybreak and Mansetta Sunset are two examples.

Pompons

Pompon chrysanthemum with globe-shaped flowers in pink hue.

The heads of these chrysanthemums, known as Pompons rather than Pompoms, are globe-shaped and have short petals that obscure the disc. They are known as button mums when they are little. The Moonbeam variety features huge, solid-white blooms, but the Yoko Ono type has very few blossoms that are frequently extremely green in hue. The Moonbeam variety can reach a height of 2 to 3 feet.

Pompons are flat at first but grow round as they develop, with flowers up to 4 inches wide. The Lakeside, for example, grows 1-4 inches tall. Spraying with pompons is a great idea. Baby Tears and Small Wonder are two examples.

Brush or Thistle Chrysanthemums

Thistle chrysanthemum with yellow, tubular petals.

The tubular petals of these mums are delicate and grow parallel to the stem. They normally have a diameter of no more than 2 inches, and the petals can be flat, drooping, or even twisted, giving them the appearance of a paintbrush in certain cases. They’re ideal for sprays because they’re so little — no more than 2 inches tall.

Unclassified

Unclassified chrysanthemum with magenta petals accentuated with yellow hue.

As the name implies, these are mums who don’t fit easily into any other category. They’re normally 6 inches broad or wider, or the petals are huge and exotic, resembling other sorts of mums. They can also feature twisted petals. The Lone Star is an exotic plant that grows at least 6 inches tall.

Spoon Mums

Spoon mums with yellow centers and spoon-shaped petals in lilac hue.

These are nearly identical to semi-double mums, except that the petal tips resemble spoons. Kimie cultivars, which have a visible and round center disc, grow to at least 4 inches in height and make a fantastic addition to any spray or, as a disbud, grow to at least 4 inches in height.

Happy Face and Starlet are two examples.

Cushion Mums

Cushion mums with pink flowers and dark green foliage.

These mums have a bushy growth pattern and grow low to the ground. They produce large, medium-sized blooms in large clusters. Valor, Chiffon, and Ruby Mound are some examples.

Miscellaneous Chrysanthemums

Football mums with long, curly petals and dark green foliage.

  • Red Bradford are paprika crimson to deep burgundy
  • Football mums
  • Daisy mums are usually multicolored and resemble daisies
  • Dark Weldon is a lovely shade of soft yellow with a hint of lilac
  • Focus is a bright yellow mum with a green highlight in the center
  • Orange Viking is bronze-orange
  • Yellow Sizzle is yellow and dark orange

Decorative Blooms

Decorative bloom chrysanthemum with bright yellow petals adorned with black discs.

The petals of these chrysanthemums cover their discs, and they come in various sizes. Some of the cushions have flat petals that do not curl inward. They are flat and have short flowers, in other words.

The Lexy is a smaller chrysanthemum with bronze petals and a very dark core than typical chrysanthemums. The Honeyglow, on the other hand, is a medium-sized bloom with amber-colored petals.

Decorative mums are often 5 inches tall or higher, making excellent pot plants. Indian Summer and Tobago are two examples.

Reflex and Incurve blooms

Reflex and incurve chrysanthemum with vivid red blossoms growing in a spring garden.

The name comes from the way the petals of these chrysanthemums curl inward or outward. Large heads and unevenly shaped petals characterize the ones that incur irregularly, giving them a slightly inconsistent and informal appearance. Goldfield chrysanthemums are an example of this type of chrysanthemum, which is golden yellow.

Most reflex mums reach a height of 6-8 inches. Regular incurves are a more formal flower with a more uniform appearance and are more formal. The latter is also more ball-like and smaller, making it particularly appealing to many mums. These rarely reach a height of greater than 6 inches. Moira is a mauve and lavender-colored cultivar.

Intermediate curve mums feature a little, fluffy-looking flower, whereas the St. Tropez is French with vibrant red petals and bronze-colored tips.

Finally, reflex mums, such as the Joyce Fountain have petals that droop away from the plant’s core. The crimson petals of this cultivar have a hint of yellow in the center. An intermediate incurve is also possible with these chrysanthemums. The petals on these flowers are shorter than on irregular incurve mums, and they normally grow to be at least 6 inches tall. The Bob Dear, which blooms bright yellow in color and is incredibly attractive, is an example of an intermediate incurve mum.

Reflex Mums

Reflex mum with red and yellow globe-shaped flowers and dark green foliage.

Flat centers and downward-curving petals characterize these chrysanthemums. The globe-shaped flowers are about 4-5 inches across and are typically medium or dark orange, though other hues are conceivable. Reflex mums reach a height of 6 inches and offer big, flat flowers. Their deeper hues, like rich orange and crimson, are visually stunning.

What You Shouldn’t Do When Planting Chrysanthemums

Woman hands planting chrysanthemum in the backyard.

When planting mums, avoid the following mistakes:

  • Plant the mums that were provided to you in a pot as a present. Look for plants that have been grown in nurseries and are ready to be planted properly.
  • Don’t forget to feed your mothers. Feed, feed, feed! Mums are voracious eaters.
  • If they’re in containers, expect them to be strong and healthy. This is because mums’ roots aren’t as well protected in containers as they should be. Therefore you should consider them as annuals and replant them the next year.
  • Don’t forget to pinch your mothers. Pinch off the tops of the branches at six inches and again at 12 inches to keep them compact and avoid the untidy period that occurs just before their blooms open up to the world.
  • Forget to use the mums in your flower bed that you currently have. When you plant mums in the spring, just like your other perennials, the wait will be well worth it as they begin to blossom.

Health Benefits of Chrysanthemums

A pitcher and cup of chrysanthemum tea on wooden and concrete table with dried flowers on the side..

A tea produced from the blooms of the chrysanthemum plant can help with a number of issues, including:

  • Tinnitus
  • Colds
  • Throat infections
  • Headaches
  • Red, irritated eyes
  • Vertigo
  • Skin problems such as boils
  • Anxiety
  • Chest tightening
  • Allergies
  • Hypertension

How to Prepare Chrysanthemum Tea

Simply place a portion of the flowers in a closed jar filled with hot water and steep for 10 minutes.

The essential oil produced by making the tea in a closed pot or pan can be preserved. If you discover chrysanthemum in capsule form, all you have to do is follow the guidelines on the bottle and take the capsules as directed.

Medicinal Properties of Chrysanthemums

A small bottle of chrysanthemum oil with flowers on the side.

Some of these properties are antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge, demulcent, hepatic, refrigerant, aromatic, and hypotensive.

Ingredients of Chrysanthemum

Calcium, magnesium, beta-carotene, potassium, essential oils, ascorbic acid, fiber, iron, riboflavin, Vitamin C, niacin, and folacin are some beneficial nutrients present in mums.

What Can Chrysanthemum Tea Do?

Chrysanthemum Tea can:

  • Make you feel a lot better without the negative side effects that other drugs, especially prescription medications, can cause. Tea brewed with chrysanthemums, for example, contains no caffeine, so you won’t feel agitated, anxious, or tense after drinking it.
  • Lower your body temperature, which is exactly what you need if you have a fever, sinus difficulties, or even heat stroke. Even if you’re suffering from a toothache or gum discomfort, chrysanthemum tea can help you feel better.
  • Assist in the treatment of pimples, acne, and other skin issues.
  • Detoxify your liver, improve your general health, and lower your cholesterol levels.
  • Refresh the mind and stimulate the senses.
  • This is due to the fact that chrysanthemum tea stimulates all of your senses while also relaxing your nerves.
  • Assist in the relief of dryness and itching in the eyes.
  • Assist with digestion, removing many of your digestive disorders and keeping you in less pain with fewer stomach concerns.
  • Assist in the treatment of varicose veins.
  • Assist in the unclogging of arteries and the improvement of overall heart health.
  • Its high quantities of Vitamin C and Vitamin A help to boost your immune system.
  • Assist in the improvement of bone density and even the prevention of osteoporosis. This is due to numerous naturally occurring minerals such as calcium and magnesium.
  • Work on your vision.
  • Besides soothing irritated or inflamed eyes, chrysanthemum tea can also improve your vision and prevent diseases like cataracts, macular degeneration, neuropathy, and even impaired vision.
  • Prevent some chronic illnesses, in part because it aids in the battle against free radicals, prevents cellular mutations, and protects you from a variety of diseases caused by free radicals.
  • Boost your metabolism, which can aid in weight loss, improved circulation, hormone regulation, and even improved neurotransmitter activity.

Some Cautionary Notes

No one should consume chrysanthemum tea without first consulting a certified physician, especially if they are currently taking prescription medications or have any medical issues. Although there are no known negative effects in people receiving other therapies, it is always a good idea to see a doctor before drinking chrysanthemum tea or taking the pills. This will ensure that nothing goes wrong while you’re sipping your tea, providing you with the peace of mind you deserve.