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11 Most Popular Mattress Styles And Their Purposes

Is it time to replace your bed’s mattress?

If your mattress is ten years or older, it may be time for an upgrade, depending on how frequently you use it and the type you have. You might also notice that you wake up with aches and pains or don’t sleep well. If you see lumps or bumps on your sleeping surface, it’s time to go shopping.

Purchasing a Mattress

When shopping for a new mattress, there are numerous options to consider. In recent years, construction technology has advanced significantly, and you now have a variety of materials and stiffness ratings to pick from to enhance your comfort. Other factors, such as your sleeping posture, can determine which type is best for you.

Here, we’ll look at the various possibilities and examine additional factors to help you make the right decision for your needs.

A. Types of Mattresses

Memory foam, hybrid, innerspring, latex, and adjustable air mattresses are the five most prevalent mattress kinds. We’ll go over the details of each one here so you can weigh the benefits and draw your own conclusions about which is the best fit for your bedroom.

1. Foam

Queen Mattress, Novilla 10 inch Gel Memory Foam Queen Size Mattress for Cool Sleep & Pressure Relief, Medium Firm Bed Mattresses, Bliss

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Hot, sweaty, non-breathable, sticky foam mattresses are a thing of the past. There are several excellent mattress firms that sell high-quality foam mattresses at a reasonable price. Foam mattresses are sold by all of the “mattress in a box” vendors. Memory foam is widely used in pillows and mattresses nowadays, but NASA first developed it in the 1970s. It was designed to provide superior seat cushioning and crash safety for passengers and pilots on airplanes, and it is still used for that purpose today.

For various reasons, the material could be the ideal bed cushioning for you. It’s also known as Visco Elastic foam since it adapts to your body’s curves while evenly distributing your weight throughout the surface. This feature alleviates achy joints or morning soreness from sleeping in one position for too long. Memory foam is also a heat-activated material, which means it softens and contours in reaction to changes in body temperature.

If you become cold when sleeping, memory foam may be able to help you stay warm. The same technology that makes it moldable when it comes into contact with your body can also make it appear warmer.

If you sleep hot, you might want to try a foam with some of the current technology breakthroughs, such as gel infusion, to keep you cool. These advancements promote air circulation via the support layers, allowing you to sleep cool.

Memory foam, unlike traditional construction, is naturally resistant to microorganisms and allergies. You won’t have to worry about mold, bed bugs, or dust mites with this type of bed. A memory foam mattress can cost anywhere from $100 to $4000, depending on the brand and quality you choose. This type of item costs roughly $1400 on average.

2. Coil

Signature Sleep 6” Coil Mattress made with CertiPUR-US certified foam , Twin

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The most common and oldest design is the coil innerspring. They had come a long way since their invention in 1857, and recent improvements have made them more comfortable and stable than ever before. The Sleeper is supported by a steel coil support system in innerspring variants. The coils can be joined or independently wrapped in one of two ways.

The coils all feed into a single unit in a linked configuration, giving the bed a bouncy feel. Because the coils respond as one unit, you may feel your partner’s movement when sleeping on this type.

The coils in an individually wrapped and pocketed configuration work independently of one another. If your companion moves over in the middle of the night when you’re in this bed, you might not feel any bounce.

Padding or upholstery covers the coils, providing comfort, softness, and added support. The more coils an innerspring mattress has, the more points of contact it has with the Sleeper, and the more support and counter it can provide.

Innerspring mattresses, unlike memory foam, aren’t necessarily hypoallergenic and can accumulate dust, mold, allergies, and even bed bugs over time. There are solutions to these issues, such as washing bedding in hot water on a regular basis and using an electric blanket to minimize dampness.

Innerspring mattresses are among the most cost-effective on the market. This option costs ranging from $100 to $2000, with the average purchase costing less than $1000.

3. Hybrids

ZINUS 12 Inch Support Plus Pocket Spring Hybrid Mattress / Extra Firm Feel / Heavier Coils for Durable Support / Pocket Innersprings for Motion Isolation / Mattress-in-a-Box, Queen

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Hybrids show how the sleep business has blended the best of both worlds into one pleasant product. The majority of options combine advanced memory foam technology with an advanced innerspring core to provide a surface that provides exceptional support, durability, and comfort.

A hybrid design has a number of benefits. First, the Sleeper experiences less motion transmission at night while using the stand-alone pocketed coil technology, resulting in more restful sleep. Finally, the mattress maintains the look and feel of a regular sleep surface by merging the two technologies. If you like your bed to be a little more bouncy, this is a benefit.

This choice also features a conventional shape instead of the clean lines and low profile seen in memory foam variants. You’ll enjoy all of the hypoallergenic benefits of that sort because they’re topped with foam. Mold, bed bugs, allergies, and dust mites will not be a problem in your bed.

Hybrids are one of the most expensive options available. They can cost anything from $550 to $4000 or more, with a median of $2,200.

4. Latex

Sunrising Bedding 8” Natural Latex Full Mattress, Individually Encased Pocket Coil, Firm, Supportive, Naturally Cooling, Organic Mattress, 120-Night Free Trial, 20-Year Warranty

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Latex alternatives were initially developed in the 1930s and became widely available to customers in the 1960s.

Latex choices were more expensive than their competitors because of extraordinarily high material and production costs and were well out of reach for the common individual. Advances in technology have lowered the cost of producing latex beds in the last 20 years, making them a more accessible, if still high-end, sleep alternative.

Latex, made from plant or petroleum-based components, is popular among the ecologically conscious because there are environmentally friendly solutions. The resilient material provides support akin to memory foam, giving a comfortable surface that relieves pressure on hips and shoulders while also assisting the Sleeper in maintaining good alignment. Latex beds are a popular option for folks looking for a way to relieve lower back discomfort. If you sleep with someone who moves a lot at night, this material is also a wonderful choice. Latex dampens motion, making it less likely that you will notice if they toss and turn, allowing you and your partner to get a better night’s sleep.

5. Adjustable Air Mattress

SleepLux Durable Inflatable Air Mattress with Built-in Pump, Pillow and USB Charger, 22" Tall Queen

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Outdoor enthusiasts have traditionally utilized air mattresses to enhance their camping experience. Air technology has recently made its way into the bedroom, allowing you to fill the individual air chambers to your chosen hardness, allowing you to customize your sleeping experience.

Padding and upholstery materials, such as memory foam or latex, are then placed over the air chamber to produce a comfortable sleeping surface. Most air beds come with a remote control that allows you to modify the hardness, yet they look like a regular bed.

Because of the various air chambers in its structure, you can usually adjust each side of the bed separately, giving couples who like different sleep settings a tailored sleep experience.

You may think that because they’re comprised of air, they’d be a cheap option. Regrettably, you must pay for the technology with adjustable air beds. This is one of the more expensive options, with entry-level models starting in the high $500s and rising to as high as $10-$15,000.The average price of a bed in this category is roughly $2200.

6. Waterbed

California King 72 x 84 Semi Waveless Waterbed Mattress

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The waterbed was not only popular in the 1970s and 1980s; it was also considered seductive. While they fell out of favor in the 1990s, you can still find one that appeals to you in terms of structure and design. They come in a hard-sided or soft-sided shape and provide support via a water chamber system.

The hard-sided waterbed’s water chamber is housed inside a rectangular wood frame, whereas the water chamber of a soft-sided waterbed is housed inside a rectangle stiff foam frame that is then enclosed in a fabric casing.

The water chamber is then covered with upholstery materials and padding such as foams and fibers, which are then placed on top of a platform in both types.

If the thought of ocean motion appeals to you, you can choose a free flow chamber system in which nothing will block the water’s movement.

You can choose a waveless model that decreases the ability of the water to flow through the chambers if you desire less rock in your boat. Waterbeds are relatively affordable, with prices ranging from $50 to $1800 and an average of around $200.

The most serious disadvantage is that your mattress may leak over time. Keep an eye on the bed, and check underneath and behind it for puddles on a regular basis to ensure it’s in good shape.

7. Futon Mattress 

Futon Mattress Twin Size Japanese Floor Mattress, Thicken Tatami Mat Sleeping Pad Roll Up Mattress Guest Mattress Foldable Couch Bed Mattress Pad, Green

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When converting a futon into a sofa, you’ll need a futon mattress that also serves as a couch cushion (from a bed). Many individuals, particularly those with small living spaces, utilize a futon as a bed that also serves as a sofa. In studio apartments, this is a fantastic alternative. Futon mattresses are firm but designed to fold to fit into a sofa shape.

What are the materials used to make futon mattresses? Cotton, foam, polyester, and springs are all used in the construction of futon mattresses. Many of them are a mix.

8. Green and Eco-Friendly Mattresses

Naturepedic Chorus Organic Mattress, Medium Firm Mattress for Universal Comfort, Encased Coil Layers, Full

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Organic mattresses sell mattresses that are organic, eco-friendly, and even vegan-friendly. The cotton and wool used are organically certified. PETA has approved the vegan mattress. The price range is wide, ranging from a little over $1,000 to $3,400.Avocado mattresses are for you if you value organic products.

B. What Sleeping Style Do You Have?

Man sleeping on a bed.

How you sleep is a crucial question because it will help you identify which mattress type is ideal for you. Your sleeping posture may necessitate specific forms of support for various parts of your body, and one bed may be better suited for the job than another.

If you share a bed with a spouse, finding an alternative that suits both of your sleep habits can be difficult. On the other hand, some models are well-suited to more than one role.

The three most frequent sleeping positions, as well as guidelines for each, are listed below.

1. Side Sleeper

If you sleep on your side, you’ve probably experienced soreness or discomfort in your shoulders and hips when you wake up. Because these are the key pressure points in that position, the areas can become crushed over time if you aren’t properly supported.

Because these are the largest parts of your body, it’s critical to select a bed with extra softness and padding to reduce pressure and manage discomfort. Memory foam and latex mattresses are particularly good, while hybrid models may have additional padding around the shoulders and hips. You might also want to consider adding a padded topper to give your joints an extra layer of comfort and relief.

2. Back Sleeper 

If you sleep on your back, the first thing you should think about is finding a mattress that supports your spine. Sinking into the bed at your heaviest point, which for most of us is our posterior, can cause your spine to over-extend, resulting in lower back pain over time. Back sleepers will want something hard enough to keep them from sinking. To attain the level of support you require, look for innerspring or hybrid options with a high firmness rating, or try an adjustable air bed.

3. Stomach Sleeper

Sleeping on your stomach probably causes difficulties with your back and neck. While it has been demonstrated to aid with snoring and sleep apnea, back physicians do not advocate it due to its strain on your spine.

That said, we’re not here to persuade you to change your sleeping habits.

If lying on your stomach makes you happy, make sure you get a really firm mattress to keep your stomach and hips from sinking in too far, which can aggravate back problems. To limit the harm, choose an item as firm as you can take while being comfortable. Adjustable airbeds are useful in this situation since you can gradually raise the firmness as you get used to the stiffer settings without sacrificing short-term comfort.

Mattress Considerations

Man choosing mattress in a store.

Now that we’ve gone over all of the numerous options, we’d like to highlight a few more points that may assist you in deciding which manufacturer, brand, or store is best for you.

1. Warranty

Almost every shop offers a guarantee on your purchase, but they can vary a lot and leave out key details. Take the time to study the small print, and if you’re shopping at a store, inquire about the warranty. It can last anywhere from ten to twenty-five years and maybe prorated over time. It usually only covers manufacturing flaws such as loose or broken coils.

Some options, such as adjustable bed platforms, may not be covered by a guarantee at all. Consider the potential expenditures if the technology fails and isn’t covered by the guarantee if you choose an option that contains a lot of technology.

2. Shipping

As part of your purchase process, inquire about delivery fees and policies. Some retailers may charge a significant fee for delivering and installing your new mattress. When your package arrives, inspect it well to ensure it is in good condition and free of damage or stains. Before signing for the delivery, check the label to ensure it’s made of “all-new material.” Keep all of your papers and records in case you need them for a warranty claim in the future.

3. Return Policy

With all of the research you’ve done before purchasing, you’re almost certain to be perfectly delighted with your purchase. However, if you’re unhappy with your purchase, make sure the merchant you chose offers a complete refund or store credit for a future purchase. Inquire about the return period, which is commonly referred to as a “comfort guarantee,” so you know how long you have to make a decision. Most of the time, you’ll have a few weeks up to 120 days before it expires.

Prepare to pay a restocking fee of up to 15% of your purchase at several larger companies, such as Sears and Macy’s.

You may be charged if you need to return the bed to the retailer using their services. Some vendors may offer benefits or incentives to sweeten the transaction, such as free pickup for refunds or exchanges.

4. Budget

While many reasonable options are available, add-ons can quickly add up, forcing you to overspend on your purchase. This is less likely to happen if you shop online, but in-store salesmen can offer you tempting extras that could push you beyond your budget. To avoid this, figure out how much you can afford ahead of time and factor in delivery, extended warranties, fabric protecting, and other costs.

You could have some wiggle room if you’re shopping in a store. Warehouse clubs like Costco and Sam’s Club don’t have much wiggle room, but specialist businesses like furniture stores may have huge markups on their products, allowing them to give you a better deal. Inquire about any discounts that may be available, and don’t be embarrassed to browse online for a comparable model and request that price. Some salespeople would deduct up to 30% from the listed amount to seal the transaction.

More Details

When looking for a new mattress, there are a few more considerations to make. While these aren’t the most significant factors in your choosing, they give you more possibilities, so they’re worth mentioning.

A. Mattress Size

Mattress dimensions and bed sizes chart

There are five different mattress sizes from which to pick. It’s critical to choose one that not only suits your bedroom and area but also meets your wants and lifestyle. The bed that your 10-year-old child prefers is unlikely to be the same size as the bed that you and your partner want.

We’ve broken down each size and who they’re suitable for in this section.

1. Twin

Signature Design by Ashley Chime 12" Memory Foam Mattress, CertiPUR- US Certified, Twin

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The twin size is 39 inches wide by 75 inches long. They are ideal for a single child sleeper, but they might even fit an adult. Anyone higher than six feet will likely find a twin-sized bed too short for them. Twin beds and daybeds are the most frequent size for bunk beds and daybeds in children’s rooms.

2. Full

Olee Sleep 10 Inch Gel Infused Layer Top Memory Foam Mattress, Full, Blue

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The full-size dimensions are 54 inches broad by 75 inches long. They are twice as wide as a twin mattress and are known as double mattresses. They’re a good fit for someone who isn’t quite six feet tall. Full-size beds are frequent in guest rooms and residences, and college dorm rooms.

3. Queen

Queen Mattress, Novilla 10 inch Gel Memory Foam Queen Size Mattress for Cool Sleep & Pressure Relief, Medium Firm Bed Mattresses, Bliss

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Queen beds have a width of 60 inches and a length of 80 inches.

They’re the most popular size in the United States, and they’re 5 inches longer than a twin or full. Queens are ideal for couples, as well as taller adults and teenagers.

4. King

TUFT & NEEDLE - Original King Adaptive Foam Mattress, CertiPUR-US, 100-Night Trial

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King beds are one of the most spacious alternatives, measuring 76 inches broad by 80 inches long. If this size appeals to you, be sure you have enough area in your bedroom to accommodate it. Because each person receives the equivalent of a twin mattress in terms of sleeping width, this is a popular choice for couples. This size appeals to pet owners because it accommodates a couple and a pet.

5. California King

Signature Design by Ashley Chime 12 Inch Medium Firm Memory Foam Mattress, CertiPUR-US Certified, California King

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California king beds have a width of 72 inches and a length of 84 inches. This can be the appropriate solution for you if you’re tall and require additional length in your sleeping surface. These mattresses are four inches thinner than a typical king, making them a good match for a space that may not be able to accommodate the breadth of a standard king.

B. Box Spring 

ZINUS 9 Inch Metal Smart Box Spring / Mattress Foundation / Strong Metal Frame / Easy Assembly, Twin

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If you choose an innerspring bed, it must be placed on top of a hard, flat surface to ensure that it lasts as long as possible. That surface is provided by a box spring.

While many modern structures don’t require a box spring per se, only a supportive surface, many manufacturer warranties will demand you to buy the accompanying box spring as well. They are available in two sizes.

Box springs in standard sizes are 9 inches tall, while low-profile alternatives are between 5 and 5.5 inches tall.

They are made comprised of a spring-supported wooden platform that is the same size as the mattress that lies on top. Depending on the model, you may be able to utilize a platform bed or adjustable bases instead of a box spring.

C. Technology 

Classic Brands Adjustable Comfort Upholstered Adjustable Bed Base with Massage, Wireless Remote, Three Leg Heights, and USB Ports-Ergonomic, King, Black

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While smart beds may be the future, much of the technology is already accessible. Some models track physiological indicators like your temperature, movement, breathing, and heart rate and make real-time modifications to improve your sleep. Some even feature adjustable firmness and elevation settings.

Be prepared to pay for all of these extras if you want them. Models range in price from $2,500 to $50,000, depending on how extravagant you want to be.


Is it possible to fold up mattresses?

While most mattresses aren’t able to be rolled up, some memory foam mattresses are. These mattresses are commonly referred to as “Bed-in-a-Box” mattresses since they are designed to be folded up without sacrificing the quality of the mattress. This type of mattress is normally compressed to 25% of its original size before being unwrapped and resuming its original shape.

Customers can avoid having to go to a store because “Bed-in-a-Box” mattresses are simply shipped. Customers can instead order mattresses online and have them delivered to their doorstep, making this a simple and handy choice for both the customer and the company.

Is it true that new mattresses are firmer?

As a rule, most mattresses will be much firmer when they arrive than they would be in the future. As a result, you may need to purchase a mattress that is slightly harder than you desire in order for your mattress to soften to your chosen feel over time. You can “break in” a mattress by sleeping on it every night, just like you can “break in” shoes by walking.

If you want to break in your mattress faster, walk on it or turn up the heat in your house. Whatever you do, keep it soft. You don’t want to inflict any irreversible damage.

Are box springs included in the price of mattresses?

Not all of the time. Mattresses and box springs are frequently offered together, but they can also be purchased separately.

This is especially true with rolled mattresses advertised as “Bed-in-a-Box,” as the box spring is usually supplied separately. Some mattresses are sold on platforms, and some foundations don’t even require a box spring, so it all comes down to the kind and type of foundation you want.

Are mattresses reversible (dual-sided)?

While most mattresses these days are single-sided, double-sided mattresses are still available. Most mattresses used to be double-sided, which increased their durability and endurance. However, since the year 2000, one-sided mattresses have grown in popularity and now dominate the business. If you’re not sure if your mattress is single or double-sided, there’s a simple way to find out. Turn your mattress on its side. It’s safe to presume that if the mattress contains padding on both sides, it can be flipped. If you flip your mattress over and discover the opposite side is flat and unpadded, it is not reversible, and you should only sleep on the padded side.

Is it possible to steam clean mattresses?

Yes! Steam cleaning your mattress kills microorganisms and deodorizes it.

However, you should consider vacuuming the mattress first. This will aid in the removal of debris. Some people recommend adding a little baking soda on the mattress before vacuuming to further reduce odor. Then all you have to do is take your steam cleaner and get started. Allow at least 3-4 hours for your mattress to dry before replacing your bedding. If you are unsure about doing it yourself, you can pay to have it done professionally.

Is it possible to wash mattresses?

Although a mattress cannot be “washed” in the classic sense, there are several things you can do to keep your mattress clean. Consider taking some preventative measures first, such as covering the mattress with a protector to protect it from spills and dirt. If you don’t have a mattress protector and a spill occurs, simply make a mattress-safe cleaning solution (such as hydrogen peroxide, baking soda, and dish detergent) and rub it into the affected area. For a totally deodorized, fresh-smelling bed, you can (and should) vacuum and/or steam clean your mattress. Don’t forget to wash the linens as well! These can also be a source of bacteria and smells.

What methods are used to measure mattresses?

Remove all sheets, accessories, and pillows from your bed. When your bed is completely empty, take a tape measure and measure the length from the top to the bottom of your mattress and the length from one side of the mattress to the other. Only use the broadest areas of the bed’s top, bottom, and sides when measuring, not the curving edges, as this will bias your results. These measurements would come in handy for various things, like choosing a bed frame, determining if a mattress will fit through your door, and determining the size of your bed (king, queen, full, twin, etc.) if you weren’t sure where to start.

Is it possible to recycle mattresses?

Yes, in certain ways. While a mattress cannot be recycled in the traditional sense (though some pieces, such as the springs, stuffing, and fabric, maybe), most mattresses can be donated to organizations in need, such as the Salvation Army, Habitat for Humanity, and Goodwill, and reused by others.

What is the average lifespan of a mattress?

According to most experts, a mattress should be replaced between 7 and 10 years after purchase. However, depending on how the mattress was cared for, it may live longer. Mattresses made of latex and foam may last even longer.