Philodendron bipinnatifidum

Philodendron bipinnatifidum: Easy Care & Growing Guide

Philodendron bipinnatifidum, also known as split-leaf philodendron, is a stunning tropical houseplant that is perfect for beginners due to its easy care and low maintenance requirements. This plant features large, glossy, deep green leaves that give any space a touch of natural beauty. In this article, we will discuss the ideal growing conditions, watering and moisture requirements, fertilizing and nutritional needs, pruning, propagation, common pests and diseases, and styling ideas for Philodendron bipinnatifidum.

Key Takeaways:

  • Philodendron bipinnatifidum is a tropical plant that is easy to care for and perfect for home decor.
  • It prefers bright, indirect light, moderate humidity, and well-draining soil.
  • Regular pruning and fertilizing can promote a bushier growth and balanced nutrition.
  • Common pests and diseases can be prevented or treated with proper inspection and care.
  • Philodendron bipinnatifidum can be styled with various planters and decorations to enhance its aesthetic appeal.

About Philodendron bipinnatifidum

Philodendron bipinnatifidum, also known as split leaf philodendron or monstera deliciosa, is a tropical houseplant native to Central and South America. It is known for its large, glossy, deep green leaves that can grow up to three feet long.

In its natural habitat, Philodendron bipinnatifidum can climb up to heights of 70 feet, but its indoor growth is more manageable, reaching up to six or eight feet with proper care. It is a low-maintenance plant that can thrive in different indoor conditions and is an excellent choice for plant enthusiasts of all levels.

Ideal Growing Conditions for Philodendron bipinnatifidum

Philodendron bipinnatifidum thrives in warm, humid conditions, typical of its native tropical environment. However, it is adaptable and can also grow well in less optimal conditions.


Philodendron bipinnatifidum prefers bright, indirect light, but can also tolerate slightly lower light conditions. Too much direct sunlight can scorch the leaves. North or east-facing windows are ideal locations for this plant.


Use a well-draining soil mixture that retains moisture but does not become waterlogged. A mixture of peat moss, perlite, and sand in a 2:1:1 ratio is recommended. Avoid using heavy soils as they can cause root rot.


Philodendron bipinnatifidum requires moderate to high humidity levels of 50-60%. This can be achieved by placing a humidifier near the plant, misting regularly with water, or grouping it with other plants to create a microclimate.


Philodendron bipinnatifidum prefers temperatures between 65-80°F (18-27°C). Avoid exposing it to temperatures below 55°F (13°C) or above 90°F (32°C).

Indoor location

Select a location that has good ventilation and air circulation. Avoid placing the plant near cold drafts, air conditioning, or heating vents. Ideal locations include living rooms, offices, or bedrooms.

Watering and Moisture Requirements

Philodendron bipinnatifidum requires consistent moisture to thrive, but it’s important not to overwater the plant. Overwatering can lead to root rot, which can be fatal to the plant.

To prevent overwatering, make sure the soil is well-draining and avoid letting the plant sit in standing water. It’s also important to allow the top inch or so of soil to dry out before watering again.

Another way to maintain optimal moisture levels for Philodendron bipinnatifidum is to mist the leaves regularly or use a humidifier in the room where the plant is located. This can help prevent the tips of the leaves from becoming brown and dry, a common sign of low humidity levels.

Fertilizing and Nutritional Needs

Like most plants, Philodendron bipinnatifidum requires proper nutrition to thrive. Fertilizing this plant is essential to promote healthy growth, but it’s essential to do it right.

Fertilization Frequency

During the growing season, feed the plant every two weeks to encourage foliage growth. In winter, when growth slows, fertilize less frequently, every four to six weeks.

Choosing the Fertilizer

Organic fertilizers are ideal for Philodendron bipinnatifidum as they provide balanced nutrients without altering the soil structure. Look for a balanced liquid fertilizer with equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

Applying Fertilizer

Before fertilizing, water the soil thoroughly to prevent root burn. Follow the package instructions to determine the right amount to use. Overfertilizing can lead to the accumulation of salts in the soil, which can be harmful to the plant.

Tip: If you notice yellowing leaves, it may indicate a lack of nutrients.

Pruning and Propagation

Pruning is an essential part of maintaining the health and aesthetics of your Philodendron bipinnatifidum. Regular pruning promotes bushier growth and removes dead or damaged leaves. It also prevents the plant from becoming too large and overwhelming your space.

When pruning, use sharp and clean gardening shears to make a clean cut just above a leaf node or stem junction. Avoid cutting into the main stem as this may lead to wounds and infections. You can prune your Philodendron bipinnatifidum at any time of the year, but it’s best to do it during the active growing season in spring or summer.

Propagation is another way to expand your collection of Philodendron bipinnatifidum or share it with friends and family. The easiest method of propagation is stem cuttings.

  1. Take a healthy stem cutting that is at least 6 inches long and has a few leaves.
  2. Cut the stem just below a node or stem junction using sharp and clean gardening shears.
  3. Remove the lower leaves to expose a 2-inch section of bare stem.
  4. Dip the cut end in rooting hormone powder to promote root growth.
  5. Plant the cutting in a 4-inch pot filled with well-draining soil and keep it moist but not waterlogged.
  6. Place the pot in a bright, indirect location and cover it with a plastic bag to create a mini-greenhouse.
  7. After about 4-6 weeks, check for root growth by gently tugging on the stem. If you feel resistance, it means roots have formed.
  8. Remove the plastic bag and gradually expose the plant to more light and air.
  9. Once the cutting has established itself and shows new growth, you can transplant it to a larger pot.

Alternatively, you can propagate Philodendron bipinnatifidum using air layering, which involves creating a small wound on the stem, wrapping it with moist sphagnum moss, and covering it with plastic to encourage roots to grow. This method requires more patience and skill but can be rewarding if done correctly.

Common Pests and Diseases

While Philodendron bipinnatifidum is known for its resilience, it is still vulnerable to common pests and diseases that can hinder its growth. It is important to regularly inspect your plant for signs of any issues to ensure its health and longevity.


Spider mites and mealybugs are two of the most common pests that can infest Philodendron bipinnatifidum. Spider mites are tiny, spider-like creatures that feed on the plant’s sap, which can cause yellowing or stippling of leaves. Mealybugs, on the other hand, are small, white, cottony insects that also feed on sap and can cause distorted growth and leaf drop.

To prevent infestations, regularly wipe down your plant’s leaves with a damp cloth or spray them with a mild soap and water solution. If an infestation occurs, you can use an insecticidal soap or neem oil to control it.


Root rot is a common disease that can affect Philodendron bipinnatifidum if the soil is too moist or if the plant is overwatered. It is characterized by wilting, yellowing, and drooping leaves, as well as foul-smelling soil.

To prevent root rot, ensure that your plant is not sitting in water and that the soil has proper drainage. If you suspect root rot, remove the plant from its pot, gently rinse the roots, and repot it in fresh, well-draining soil.

Another disease that can affect Philodendron bipinnatifidum is leaf spot, which is caused by fungi and bacteria. Symptoms include brown or black spots on the leaves and can cause them to yellow and drop prematurely.

To prevent leaf spot, avoid getting water on the leaves when watering and maintain proper air circulation around the plant. If leaf spot occurs, remove the affected leaves and treat the plant with a fungicide.

Styling and Décor Ideas

Philodendron bipinnatifidum is not only easy to care for but also makes a stunning addition to any interior décor. Here are some creative ideas on how to display and style your plant:

  • Place a large Philodendron bipinnatifidum in a bright corner of your living room to create a natural focal point and purify the air.
  • Pair it with a minimalist planter to enhance its glossy green leaves and add a touch of modern elegance to your space.
  • Use a macrame hanger to suspend your Philodendron bipinnatifidum from the ceiling and bring an airy, bohemian vibe to your room.
  • Create a tropical oasis in your home office by clustering several Philodendron bipinnatifidum together in varying heights and sizes.
  • Pair your Philodendron bipinnatifidum with other tropical houseplants, such as bird of paradise or pothos, to create a lush and vibrant ambiance.
  • Add some drama to your bedroom by placing a Philodendron bipinnatifidum in a statement planter that complements your bedding or wallpaper.

With its versatile and eye-catching appeal, Philodendron bipinnatifidum is an excellent choice for any décor style, from minimalist to maximalist, from classic to contemporary. Get creative and enjoy the beauty of this stunning tropical houseplant!


Philodendron bipinnatifidum, also known as split leaf philodendron or monstera deliciosa, is a stunning tropical houseplant that is perfect for indoor gardening enthusiasts. As we have seen in this article, this plant is incredibly easy to care for, making it a popular choice among beginner and experienced growers alike.

With its large, glossy, deep green leaves and its ability to thrive in various indoor conditions, Philodendron bipinnatifidum is a statement piece that adds a touch of greenery and elegance to any interior space.

In this guide, we have covered all the essential aspects of growing and caring for Philodendron bipinnatifidum, from its ideal growing conditions and watering needs to pruning and propagation techniques. We have also discussed common pests and diseases that may affect this plant, as well as styling and décor ideas that can help you incorporate it into your interior design.

We hope that this article has inspired you to experiment with Philodendron bipinnatifidum and enjoy the beauty of its lush green foliage indoors. Remember to maintain a consistent care routine and provide optimal growing conditions, and your plant will reward you with its stunning presence for years to come.


Q: How often should I water Philodendron bipinnatifidum?

A: Philodendron bipinnatifidum prefers to have slightly moist soil, so water it when the top inch of soil feels dry.

Q: What type of light does Philodendron bipinnatifidum need?

A: Philodendron bipinnatifidum thrives in bright, indirect light, but it can also tolerate lower light conditions.

Q: How often should I fertilize Philodendron bipinnatifidum?

A: Fertilize Philodendron bipinnatifidum every 2-4 weeks during the growing season with a balanced, organic fertilizer.

Q: How do I propagate Philodendron bipinnatifidum?

A: Philodendron bipinnatifidum can be propagated through stem cuttings or air layering. Follow our step-by-step instructions for successful propagation.

Q: What are common pests that can affect Philodendron bipinnatifidum?

A: Common pests that can affect Philodendron bipinnatifidum include spider mites and mealybugs. Regular inspection and proper care can help prevent and treat these pests.

Q: Can Philodendron bipinnatifidum be used for interior décor?

A: Absolutely! Philodendron bipinnatifidum is a stunning tropical houseplant that can enhance the aesthetic appeal of any interior space. Pair it with different types of planters or decorative elements to suit your style.